World’s urban mobility is changing at a frenetic pace, and cities are struggling with the impact of these changes on road safety; the fast and continuous growing of populations, combined with more cars, trucks and public transport vehicles sharing crowded streets with vulnerable road users (pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists), makes the task of providing road safety a complex challenge.
Currently, road traffic injuries are considered as a global health and development problem: more than 1,2 million people die on the world’s roads every year, and between 20 and 50 million others suffer non-fatal injuries.
The global losses due to traffic injuries are estimated to be US$ 518 billion and direct cost to governments between 1% and 3% of their GDP (more than the total amount that these countries receive in development assistance); the indirect costs attributable to road accidents are: medical costs, production losses (due to temporary or permanent disability, and fatalities), human costs (suffering, pains, quality of life loss), administrative costs, property damages, and others (congestions from road accidents, vehicle unavailability, funeral costs). This fact highlights a great lack of road safety awareness, as it’s widely discussed in the Global Status Report on Road Safety published in 2009 by the World Health Organization (WHO), which underline these main findings:
Low-income and middle-income countries have higher road traffic fatality rates (21.5 and 19.5 per 100 000 population, respectively) than high-income countries (10.3 per 100 000), but death rates have been declining over the last four to five decades in many high-income countries.
Of the global deaths due to traffic fatalities, 90% happens in low-income and middle-income countries, which have only 48% of the world’s vehicles. Almost half of those who die in road traffic crashes are who are collectively known as “vulnerable road users”: pedestrians, cyclists or users of motorized two-wheelers; the adoption and enforcement of traffic laws appears inadequate in many countries especially for what concerns DUI (driving under influence) and excessive speed legislation, and authority control of helmets and seat-belts usage, but also child restraints.
Addressing road safety in a comprehensive manner needs the involvement of multiple sectors, such as health, transports and authorities, that have to implement multisectoral strategy about this issue, with sufficient finances for planned activities within a specified timeframe.
There is still a huge gap in data quality and coverage about the report collected by worldwide countries; in order to reduce road traffic injury rates more reliable data are needed in order to target an efficient reply to this problem and to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention measures. According to WHO the key recommendations for the future concern: roads’ and their infrastructures’ improvements, law enforcement on drunk-driving, speed limits and authorities’ controls’ increase, multisectoral collaborations for safety road’s solution planning, increasing of public awareness campaigns and improvement of data quality and availability.
A European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) report reveals that the value of preventing all the reported collision in the EU in 2015 is about EUR 270 billion, which is nearly twice as large as the annual EU budget; in particular the socioeconomic costs of road crashes for the European Union are estimated at least above EUR 500 billion, 3% of the EU’s GDP.
European roads remain the safest in the world: in 2017, the EU counted 49 road fatalities per one million inhabitants, against 174 deaths per million globally, but an estimated 38 percent of total road fatalities in the EU is related to accidents happened in urban areas; 21% of people killed on streets were pedestrians, 25% were riding bicycles, motorcycles or mopeds; more than 20% of non-fatal traffic-related injuries are serious.
Road fatalities in the EU by type of roads (Source:https://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-18-2762_en.htm)
The European Commission’s long-term goal consists in approaching zero deaths and serious injuries by the year 2050. The group aim to significantly contribute to reach this goal with ThinkLighT.
The challenge which the group decided to undergo requests a specific blend of knowledges and competencies. For ThinkLighT’s development, smart light knowledge and Artificial Intelligence experience are needed. LTEG and BTRI represents the perfect mix for the scope.
LTEG, even though is a fresh startup company already managed to gain its first lead on the market, furthermore is strongly supported by smart light European leader companies as partners and/or suppliers. The team is part of an Incubator network which will allow unlimited access to open data.
BTRI is a German company composed by members with an extensive experience within Artificial Intelligence and more in general with machine learning development integration.
Furthermore, BTRI has sufficient infrastructure to develop a solution for the project at hand. The group run proprietary blockchain servers/nodes for their own blockchain and have direct, unrestricted access to 24 high-performance computer systems. These are specially designed for the use and calculation of blockchain solutions, and therefore have a very high availability and are well suited for computation-intensive machine-learning and AI research as well as applications.
Impact points over time:
• The team expect to increase by at least 20% the Road Safety wherever the solution is employed over 6 months.
In fact, the team will be comparing car accidents and injuries data along a road before and after implementing ThinkLighT solution.
• Energy/Money save up to 80% and not less than 30 %, compared to previous equivalent interval time periods.
• Smart traffic control, collecting data and using them to better manage and address traffic. In 6 months expected to be fully tested in place.
Case study: Obstacle is along the way, and ThinkLighT detects it and communicates with coming cars.

LTEG – LT Energy Group

LT Energy Group is an innovative Start-Up company currently incubated at i3P incubator at Polytechnic of Turin. LTEG mission is to develop customized ICT technology solutions which allow to use the Outdoor lighting network as the pillar of sensors’ network, communication systems and smart applications in order to obtain intelligent and energetically efficient solutions.

BTRI – Blockchain Technology research Institute

The Blockchain Technology Research Institute (BTRI) is the research hub and information centre for graph theory, networking architectures and Blockchain applications. Blockchain research at BTRI aims to observe, understand and predict changes in the technology environment. BTRI provides in-depth research and development services for technological use-cases with focus on blockchain and distributed ledger technology. BTRI produces data science driven applications and code to support stakeholders in the development and application of machine learning models, leading to artificial intelligence application in real life. The entity was founded 2016 and is located in Frankfurt, Germany.
For all the above reasons the consortium is the perfect combination of knowledge, background and experience to give birth to ThinkLighT.